Publication list

The following lists contain contributions of ecol staff members to academic and non-academic publications. More information on the individual contributions including abstracts and download information as well as relevant recent working papers can be found on the Publications page.


Peer-reviewed Articles

  • Research on impacts of rural electrification, with a focus on households as beneficiaries

    Electrification interventions have been an important pillar in infrastructure development in developing countries throughout the last 60 years. Energy is seen as a critical component, if not prerequisite, for economic development and the alleviation of poverty in terms of such diverse manifestations as deprived health, education, and livelihoods in general. However, there is still little empirical evidence to substantiate these impact pathways. Against this background, we investigated the impacts of electrification on households as the ultimate beneficiaries in a series of articles.

Bensch, G., Grimm, M., Huppertz, M., Langbein, J., & Peters, J. (2018). Are promotion programs needed to establish off-grid solar energy markets? Evidence from rural Burkina Faso. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 90, 1060–1068.
Grimm, M., Munyehirwe, A., Peters, J., & Sievert, M. (2017). A First Step up the Energy Ladder? Low Cost Solar Kits and Household’s Welfare in Rural Rwanda. The World Bank Economic Review, 31(3), 631–649.
Peters, J., Strupat, C., & Vance, C. (2014). Television and Contraceptive Use – A Weak Signal? The Journal of Development Studies, 50(11), 1538–1549.
Peters, J. (2009). Evaluating Rural Electrification Projects: Methodological Approaches. Well-Being and Social Policy, 5(2), 25–40. Retrieved from
Peters, J., & Vance, C. (2011). Rural Electrification and Fertility – Evidence from Côte d’Ivoire. Journal of Development Studies, 47(5), 753–766.
Bensch, G., Kluve, J., & Peters, J. (2011). Impacts of Rural Electrification in Rwanda. Journal of Development Effectiveness, 3(4), 567–588.
Bensch, G., Peters, J., & Sievert, M. (2013). Fear of the Dark? How Access to Electric Lighting Affects Security Attitudes and Nighttime Activities in Rural Senegal. Journal of Rural and Comunity Development, 8(1), 1–19. Retrieved from

  • Research on impacts of electrification, with a focus on productive use

    Expectations among practitioners in electrification projects as well as energy experts in international cooperation partner countries and donor organisations are particularly high related to the benefits of what is referred to as the productive use of electricity: Electricity is seen as a crucial means to remove barriers on the local level that hamper economic growth and thereby also as a key for the sustainability of other poverty-alleviating impacts of electrification projects. However, there is still little empirical evidence to substantiate these impact pathways. Against this background, we investigated the impacts of productive electricity use in a series of articles.

Peters, J., Sievert, M., & Strupat, C. (2015). Impacts of a Micro-Enterprise Clustering Programme on Firm Performance in Ghana. European Journal of Development Research, 27(1), 99–121.
Peters, J., Sievert, M., & Vance, C. (2011). Impacts of Electricity Usage on Micro-enterprises in Peri-urban Ghana. Journal of Social and Economic Policy, 8(1), 55–70.
Bensch, G., Peters, J., & Schmidt, C. M. (2012). Impact Evaluation of Productive Use—An Implementation Guideline for Electrification Projects. Energy Policy, 40(1), 186–195.
Neelsen, S., & Peters, J. (2011). Electricity Usage in Micro-enterprises — Evidence from Lake Victoria, Uganda. Energy for Sustainable Development, 15(1), 21–31.
Peters, J., Vance, C., & Harsdorff, M. (2011). Grid Extension in Rural Benin: Micro-Manufacturers and the Electrification Trap. World Development, 39(5), 773–783.

  • Research on impacts of improved cooking stoves

    More than a third of the world’s population relies on traditional cooking with woodfuels, mostly in developing countries, causing financial and workload burdens on households as well as detrimental implications for people’s health and the environment. Efficiency-enhancing improved biomass cooking stoves (ICS) have long been the evident instrument to simultaneously counter these adverse aspects induced by traditional cooking. In a series of articles, we evaluated the socio-economic and environmental impacts of ICS.

Langbein, J., Peters, J., & Vance, C. (2017). Outdoor cooking prevalence in developing countries and its implication for clean cooking policies. Environmental Research Letters, 12(11), 115008.
Bensch, G., Grimm, M., & Peters, J. (2015). Why do households forego high returns from technology adoption? Evidence from improved cooking stoves in Burkina Faso. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 116, 187–205.
Bensch, G., & Peters, J. (2015). The intensive margin of technology adoption – Experimental evidence on improved cooking stoves in rural Senegal. Journal of Health Economics, 42, 44–63.
Bensch, G., & Peters, J. (2013). Alleviating Deforestation Pressures? Impacts of Improved Stove Dissemination on Charcoal Consumption in Urban Senegal. Land Economics, 89(4), 676–698.

  • Further research

    In a couple of further articles, we studied further aspects related to energy economics and impact evaluation.

Peters, J., Langbein, J., & Roberts, G. (2018). Generalization in the Tropics – Development Policy, Randomized Controlled Trials, and External Validity. The World Bank Research Observer, 33(1), 34–64.
Lenz, L., Montenbruck, L., & Sievert, M. (2018). Accidents caused by kerosene lamps—New evidence from African household data. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Energy and Environment, 7(4), e293.
Peters, J. (2017). Infrastructure and Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa, by A. Estache and Q. Wodon. The Journal of Development Studies, 53(3), 460–462.
Peters, J. (2015). Von Staaten, Märkten und Subventionen – Paradigmenwechsel in der Armutsbekämpfung? List Forum für Wirtschafts- und Finanzpolitik, 41(1), 45–52.
Peters, J., Langbein, J., & Roberts, G. (2016). Policy evaluation, randomized controlled trials, and external validity—A systematic review. Economics Letters, 147, 51–54.
Peters, J., Schoofs, A., & Sievert, M. (2016). Preferences over Bank and Family Loans in Rural Rwanda. Journal of International Development, 28(4), 623–630.
Peters, J., Vance, C., & Frondel, M. (2008). Identifying the Rebound: Evidence from a German Household Panel. Energy Journal, 29(4), 145–164. Retrieved from
Peters, J., & Thielmann, S. (2008). Promoting Biofuels: Implications for Developing Countries. Energy Policy, 36(4), 1538–1544.
Peters, J., Harsdorff, M., & Ziegler, F. (2009). Rural Electrification: Accelerating Impacts with Complementary Services. Energy for Sustainable Development, 13(1), 38–42.
Bensch, G. (2013). Inside the Metrics – An Empirical Comparison of Energy Poverty Indices for Sub-Saharan Countries. Ruhr Economic Papers, 464.


Other publications

Bensch, G., Peters J. & Sievert, M. (2013). Several contributions to: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH (ed.), Productive Use of Energy – PRODUSE – Measuring Impacts of Electrification on Small and Micro-Enterprises in Sub-Saharan Africa. Eschborn: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH.

Grimm, M. & Peters, J. (2012). Improved Cooking Stoves that End up in Smoke? RWI Positionen, 52. Essen: RWI.

Bensch, G., & Peters, J. (2010). Socio-economic Impacts of Rural Electrification in Rwanda – An Ex-ante Assessment of GTZ Activities. RWI Materialien, 60. Essen: RWI.

Bensch, G., Peters, J. & Schraml, L. (2010). Energy Usage and Socio-economic Conditions in Mozambique – Evidence from GTZ Electrification Project Regions. RWI Materialien, 56. Essen: RWI.

Harsdorff, M. & Peters, J. (2010). On-Grid Rural Electrification in Benin – A Socio-economic Baseline Study on a GTZ Project. RWI Materialien, 57. Essen: RWI.

Peters, J. & Thielmann, S. (2007). The Costs of Promoting Biofuels. In: GTZ and BMZ (ed.), International Fuel Prices 2007. Eschborn, Berlin: GTZ and BMZ.